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JPE, Vol. 9, No. 4, July 2009
Design and Implementation of a Multi Level Three-Phase Inverter with Less Switches and Low Output Voltage Distortion
Mahrous E. Ahmed and Saad Mekhilef
Area High Power Converters
Abstract This paper proposes and describes the design and operational principles of a three-phase three-level nine switch voltage source inverter. The proposed topology consists of three bi-directional switches inserted between the source and the full-bridge power switches of the classical three-phase inverter. As a result, a three-level output voltage waveform and a significant suppression of load harmonics contents are obtained at the inverter output. The harmonics content of the proposed multilevel inverter can be reduced by half compared with two-level inverters. A Fourier analysis of the output waveform is performed and the design is optimized to obtain the minimum total harmonic distortion. The full-bridge power switches of the classical three-phase inverter operate at the line frequency of 50Hz, while the auxiliary circuit switches operate at twice the line frequency. To validate the proposed topology, both simulation and analysis have been performed. In addition, a prototype has been designed, implemented and tested. Selected simulation and experimental results have been provided.
Keyword Two-level inverter,Multi level inverter,Total harmonic distortion,Three level output waveform inverter
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